American Chemical Society
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Heterobimetallic Molecular Cages for the Deposition of Cu/Ti and Cu/Zn Mixed-Metal Oxides

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posted on 2007-05-14, 00:00 authored by Mazhar Hamid, Asif A. Tahir, Muhammad Mazhar, Matthias Zeller, Allen D. Hunter
Heterobimetallic molecular precursors [Ti4(dmae)6(μ-OH)(μ-O)6Cu6(OAc)9·H2O] (1) and [Zn7(OAc)10(μ-OH)6Cu5(dmae)4Cl4] (2) for the deposition of metal oxide thin films of Cu6Ti4O12 (Cu3TiO4, TiO2) and Cu5Zn7O12 (ZnO, CuO) were prepared by the interaction of Ti(dmae)4 with Cu(OAc)2·2H2O for 1 and tetrameric (N,N-dimethylamino)ethanolatocopper(II) chloride, [(dmae)CuCl]4 [where dmae = (N,N-dimethylamino)ethanolate] with Zn(OAc)2·2H2O (where OAc = acetate) for 2 in dry toluene. Both complexes were characterized by melting point, elemental analysis, Fourier transform IR, fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry, thermal analysis (TGA), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. TGA and XRD prove that complexes 1 and 2 undergo facile thermal decomposition at 300 and 460 °C to form thin films of Cu/Ti and Cu/Zn mixed-metal oxides, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy and XRD of the thin films suggest the formation of impurity-free crystallite mixtures of Cu3TiO4 and TiO2, with average crystallite sizes of 22.2 nm from complex 1 and of ZnO and CuO with average crystallite sizes of 26.1 nm from complex 2.