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Guest-Dependent Complexation of Triptycene-Based Macrotricyclic Host with Paraquat Derivatives and Secondary Ammonium Salts: A Chemically Controlled Complexation Process

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posted on 05.09.2008, 00:00 by Jian-Min Zhao, Qian-Shou Zong, Tao Han, Jun-Feng Xiang, Chuan-Feng Chen
The triptycene-based macrotricyclic host containing two dibenzo-[24]-crown-8 moieties has been found to form stable 1:1 or 1:2 complexes in different complexation modes with different functional paraquat derivatives and secondary ammonium salts in solution and in the solid state. Consequently, the alkyl-substituted paraquat derivatives thread the lateral crown cavities of the host to form 1:1 complexes. It was interestingly found that the paraquat derivatives containing two β-hydroxyethyl or γ-hydroxypropyl groups form 1:2 complexes, in which two guests thread the central cavity of the host. Other paraquat derivatives containing terminal hydroxy, methoxy, 9-anthracylmethyl, and amide groups were included in the cavity of the host to form 1:1 complexes. Moreover, the host also forms a 1:2 complex with two 9-anthracylmethylbenzylammonium salts, in which the 9-anthracyl groups were selectively positioned outside the lateral crown cavities. The competition complexation process between the host and two different guests (the propyl-substituted paraquat derivative and a dibenzylammonium salt) could be chemically controlled.