Goldilocks Effect in Magnetic Bistability: Remote Substituent Modulation and Lattice Control of Photoinduced Valence Tautomerism and Light-Induced Thermal Hysteresis
datasetposted on 05.05.2010 by R. D. Schmidt, D. A. Shultz, J. D. Martin, P. D. Boyle
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The thermal-induced and photoinduced valence tautomerism of a series of Co(dioxolene)2(4-X-py)2 complexes (dioxolene = 3,5-di-tert-butylcatecholate or 3,5-di-tert-butylsemiquinonate; 4-X-py = 4-(X)pyridine, X = H (1), OMe (2), Me (3), CN (4), Br (5), NO2 (6)) is described. The thermal valence tautomerism (ls-CoIII(SQ)(Cat)(4-X-py)2 ↔ hs-CoII(SQ)(SQ)(4-X-py)2) is only observed for complexes 4, 5, and 6 where each is accompanied by a hysteresis loop of ca. 5 K. When a crystalline sample of 4−6 is held at 10 K in a SQUID magnetometer and irradiated with white light (λ = 400−850 nm), the hs-CoII tautomer is formed. When the light source is removed, and the sample is slowly heated, the hs-CoII tautomer persists until ca. 90 K, approximately 40 K higher than the thermal stability of previously reported complexes. Heating and cooling the sample while maintaining irradiation results in the appearance of a new light-induced thermal hysteresis loop below 90 K (ΔT = ca. 25 K). Below 50 K, the hs-CoII tautomer displays temperature-independent relaxation to the ls-CoIII form, and above 50 K, the relaxation is thermally activated with an activation energy Ea > ca. 1500 cm−1. The coordination geometry (trans-pyridines), pyridine substitution, and crystal packing forces conspire to create the comparatively thermally stable photogenerated hs-CoII tautomer, thus providing an excellent handle for molecular and crystal engineering studies.