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Gold-Catalyzed Asymmetric Thioallylation of Propiolates via Charge-Induced Thio-Claisen Rearrangement

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posted on 18.11.2020, 20:44 authored by Hanbyul Kim, Jiwon Jang, Seunghoon Shin
A gold­(I)-catalyzed enantioselective thioallylation of propiolates with allyl sulfides is described. The key mechanistic element is a sulfonium-induced Claisen rearrangement which helps minimize the allyl dissociation and render higher enantioselectivity. This protocol features remarkable scope of the allyl moiety, allowing enantiocontrolled synthesis of all-carbon quaternary centers, and exhibits exceptional functional group compatibility with many Lewis bases and π-bonds. This intermolecular variant of Claisen rearrangement forges both C–S and C–C bonds concomitantly, providing efficient access to interesting optically active organosulfur compounds which can be transformed further through the vinyl sulfide as a functional handle. The rate of the reaction was zeroth order with respect to allyl sulfides, which suggested a reversible inhibition, providing a resting state for the catalyst. The Hammett plot displayed a correlation with σp values, suggesting a turnover-limiting sigmatropic rearrangement where decreased electron-density on sulfur accelerated the rearrangement.