American Chemical Society
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Fuel Exhaling Fuel Cell

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posted on 2018-01-02, 00:00 authored by Zahid Manzoor Bhat, Ravikumar Thimmappa, Mruthyunjayachari Chattanahalli Devendrachari, Alagar Raja Kottaichamy, Shahid Pottachola Shafi, Swapnil Varhade, Manu Gautam, Musthafa Ottakam Thotiyl
State-of-the-art proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) anodically inhale H2 fuel and cathodically expel water molecules. We show an unprecedented fuel cell concept exhibiting cathodic fuel exhalation capability of anodically inhaled fuel, driven by the neutralization energy on decoupling the direct acid–base chemistry. The fuel exhaling fuel cell delivered a peak power density of 70 mW/cm2 at a peak current density of 160 mA/cm2 with a cathodic H2 output of ∼80 mL in 1 h. We illustrate that the energy benefits from the same fuel stream can at least be doubled by directing it through proposed neutralization electrochemical cell prior to PEMFC in a tandem configuration.