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Fluorescent Sensing and Selective Pb(II) Extraction by a Dansylamide Ion-Exchanger

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posted on 11.05.2005, 00:00 authored by Konstantinos Kavallieratos, Jay M. Rosenberg, Wei-Zhong Chen, Tong Ren
The (bis)dansylated sulfonamide 1,2-C6H4(NHSO2C10H6-5-N(CH3)2)2 (1) extracted Pb(II) selectively from water into 1,2-dichloroethane via an ion-exchange mechanism and showed fluorescence quenching upon Pb(II) extraction. The distribution ratios for metal extraction (determined by ICP−MS) for Pb(II) were 133−1410 times higher than those for other metal cations [Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II)] under identical conditions. Fluorescence quenching was observed upon Pb(II) extraction, which was dependent on Pb(II) concentration. The monodansylated control, C6H5NHSO2C10H6-5-N(CH3)2(2), showed neither extraction nor quenching, indicating that the fluorescence effects are a direct result of Pb coordination to 1. The observed selectivity for Pb(II) is ascribed to the formation of a low-coordinate binary Pb(II)−Sulfonamido complex in the organic phase.