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Fine Tuning of the Rotary Motion by Structural Modification in Light-Driven Unidirectional Molecular Motors

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posted on 19.04.2006, 00:00 by Javier Vicario, Martin Walko, Auke Meetsma, Ben L. Feringa
The introduction of bulky substituents at the stereogenic center of light-driven second-generation molecular motors results in an acceleration of the speed of rotation. This is due to a more strained structure with elongated CC bonds and a higher energy level of the ground state relative to the transition state for the rate-limiting thermal isomerization step. Understanding the profound influence that variation of the substituent at the stereogenic center holds over the rotational speed of the light-driven molecular motor has enabled the development of the fastest molecular motor reported thus far.

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