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Evaluation of the Performance of Lipidyzer Platform and Its Application in the Lipidomics Analysis in Mouse Heart and Liver

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posted on 26.07.2019, 14:48 by Zhijun Cao, Thomas C. Schmitt, Vijayalakshmi Varma, Daniel Sloper, Richard D. Beger, Jinchun Sun
Lipids play important roles in cell signaling, energy storage, and as major structural components of cell membranes. To date, little work has been conducted to show the extent of tissue specificity of lipid compositions. Here, the recently acquired Lipidyzer platform was employed in this pilot study: (i) to assess the performance of the Lipidyzer platform, (ii) to explore lipid profiles in liver and cardiac tissue in mice, (iii) to examine sex-specific differences in lipids in the liver tissue, and (iv) to evaluate biological variances in lipidomes present in animals. In total, 787 lipid species from 13 lipid classes were measured in the liver and heart. Lipidomics data from the Lipidyzer platform were very reproducible with the coefficient of variations of the quality control (QC) samples, ∼10%. The total concentration of the cholesterol esters (CE) lipid class, and specifically CE(16:1) and CE(18:1) species, showed sex differences in the liver. Cardiac tissue had higher levels of phospholipids containing docosahexaenoic acid, which could be related to heart health status and function. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of the Lipidyzer platform in identifying differences in lipid profile at the tissue level and between male and female mice in specific tissues.