American Chemical Society
pr2c00735_si_001.xlsx (11 MB)

Evaluation of DDA Library-Free Strategies for Phosphoproteomics and Ubiquitinomics Data-Independent Acquisition Data

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posted on 2023-05-31, 16:11 authored by Chengwen Wen, Xiurong Wu, Guanzhong Lin, Wei Yan, Guohong Gan, Xiao Xu, Xiang-Yu Chen, Xi Chen, Xianming Liu, Guo Fu, Chuan-Qi Zhong
Phosphoproteomics and ubiquitinomics data-independent acquisition (DIA) mass spectrometry (MS) data is typically analyzed by using a data-dependent acquisition (DDA) spectral library. The performance of various library-free strategies for analyzing phosphoproteomics and ubiquitinomics DIA MS data has not been evaluated. In this study, we systematically compare four commonly used DDA library-free approaches including Spectronaut’s directDIA, DIA-Umpire, DIA-MSFragger, and in silico-predicted library for analysis of phosphoproteomics SWATH, DIA, and diaPASEF data as well as ubiquitinomics diaPASEF data. Spectronaut’s directDIA shows the highest sensitivity for phosphopeptide detection not only in synthetic phosphopeptide samples but also in phosphoproteomics SWATH-MS and DIA data from real biological samples, when compared to the other three library-free strategies. For phosphoproteomics diaPASEF data, Spectronaut’s directDIA and the in silico-predicted library based on DIA-NN identify almost the same number of phosphopeptides as a project-specific DDA spectral library. However, only about 30% of the total phosphopeptides are commonly identified, suggesting that the library-free strategies for phospho-diaPASEF data need further improvement in terms of sensitivity. For ubiquitinomics diaPASEF data, the in silico-predicted library performs the best among the four workflows and detects ∼50% more K-GG peptides than a project-specific DDA spectral library. Our results demonstrate that Spectronaut’s directDIA is suitable for the analysis of phosphoproteomics SWATH-MS and DIA MS data, while the in silico-predicted library based on DIA-NN shows substantial advantages for ubiquitinomics diaPASEF MS data.