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Euphorikanin A, a Diterpenoid Lactone with a Fused 5/6/7/3 Ring System from Euphorbia kansui

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posted on 26.05.2016, 20:13 by Dong-Qing Fei, Le-Le Dong, Feng-Ming Qi, Gai-Xia Fan, Hui-Hong Li, Zheng-Yu Li, Zhan-Xin Zhang
Euphorikanin A (1), an unprecedented diterpenoid lactone which possesses a novel 5/6/7/3-fused tetracyclic ring skeleton, was isolated from the roots of Euphorbia kansui. The chemical structure and absolute stereochemistry were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against two human tumor cell lines HeLa and NCI-446. A proposed biosynthetic pathway of compound 1 is also described.

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