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Entangled Metal–Organic Frameworks of m-Phenylenediacrylate Modulated by Bis(pyridyl) Ligands

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posted on 02.05.2012, 00:00 by Qian Sun, Yan-Qin Wang, Ai-Ling Cheng, Kun Wang, En-Qing Gao
Solvothermal reactions of m-phenylenediacrylic acid (H2mpda) and zinc­(II) salts in the presence of different bis­(pyridyl) ancillary ligands afforded a series of supramolecular interpenetrated coordination architectures with formula [Zn­(mpda)­(bpee)]n (1), [Zn­(mpda)­(bpea)]n (2), and [Zn­(mpda)­(bpp)]n·2.5H2O (3) (bpee = 1,2-bis­(4-pyridyl)­ethylene, bpea = 1,2-bis­(4-pyridyl)­ethane, bpp = 1,3-bis­(4-pyridyl)­propane). X-ray analyses revealed that all of the compounds feature tetrahedral-based coordination geometry around Zn­(II), two-dimensional (2D) 44 coordination networks with different linkers, and parallel 2D→2D interpenetration, which is stabilized by interlayer hydrogen-bonding interactions. The arc-shaped mpda ligand collaborates with quasi-linear bpee or bpea to generate 2D achiral networks with chair-shape windows in 1 and 2, but with two different arc-shaped ligands (mpda and bpp); the single network in 3 is homochiral and has boat-shaped windows. The different shapes of the networks result in different interpenetration modes. Both networks of 1 and 2 exhibit 3-fold parallel interpenetration and give trilayers. Differently, two layers of the same handedness in 3 interpenetrate to give a homochiral bilayer featuring double helical motifs, and the alternating stacking of oppositely handed bilayers renders the compound racemic. The interpenetration mode and the formation of the double helices in 3 benefit not only from the arc shape of the two bridging ligands but also from the match of the two ligands in length.