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Enantioselective Total Synthesis of (−)-Caldaphnidine O via a Radical Cyclization Cascade

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posted on 07.08.2019, 18:35 by Lian-Dong Guo, Jingping Hu, Yan Zhang, Wentong Tu, Yue Zhang, Fan Pu, Jing Xu
The synthetically challenging, diverse chemical skeletons and promising biological profiles of the Daphniphyllum alkaloids have generated intense interest from the synthetic chemistry community. Herein, the first and enantioselective total synthesis of (−)-caldaphnidine O, a complex bukittinggine-type Daphniphyllum alkaloid, is described. The key transformations in this concise approach included an intramolecular aza-Michael addition, a ring expansion reaction sequence, a Sm­(II)/Fe­(III)-mediated Kagan–Molander coupling, and the rapid formation of the entire hexacyclic ring skeleton of the target molecule via a radical cyclization cascade reaction, which was inspired by an unexpected radical detosylation observed in our recent dapholdhamine B synthesis.