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Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) Transcriptome Profile Changes Induced by Diesel Emissions Generated with CeO2 Nanoparticle Fuel Borne Catalyst

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posted on 03.08.2018 by Jay R. Reichman, Paul T. Rygiewicz, Mark G. Johnson, Michael A. Bollman, Bonnie M. Smith, Q. Todd Krantz, Charly J. King, Kasey D. Kovalcik, Christian P. Andersen
It is important to understand molecular effects on plants exposed to compounds released from use of products containing engineered nanomaterials. Here, we present mRNA sequencing data on transcriptome impacts to Douglas-fir following 2 weeks of sublethal exposure to 30:1 diluted airborne emissions released from combustion of diesel fuel containing engineered CeO2 nanoparticle catalysts (DECe). Our hypothesis was that chamber exposure to DECe would induce distinct transcriptome changes in seedling needles compared with responses to conventional diesel exhaust (DE) or filtered DECe Gas Phase. Significantly increased uptake/binding of Ce in needles of DECe treated seedlings was 2.7X above background levels and was associated with altered gene expression patterns. All 225 Blast2GO gene ontologies (GOs) enriched by up-regulated DECe transcripts were nested within GOs for DE, however, 29 of 31 enriched GOs for down-regulated DECe transcripts were unique. MapMan analysis also identified three pathways enriched with DECe down-regulated transcripts. There was prominent representation of genes with attenuated expression in transferase, transporter, RNA regulation and protein degradation GOs and pathways. CeO2 nanoparticle additive decreased and shifted molecular impact of diesel emissions. Wide-spread use of such products and chronic environmental exposure to DECe may adversely affect plant physiology and development.