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Diverse Sesquiterpenoids and Polyacetylenes from Atractylodes lancea and Their Anti-Osteoclastogenesis Activity

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posted on 2022-03-24, 19:41 authored by Zhejun Sun, Yuting Zhang, Xing Peng, Shijie Huang, Huihao Zhou, Jun Xu, Qiong Gu
Twenty-two sesquiterpenoids (122) and 11 polyacetylenes (2333) were obtained from the rhizomes of Atractylodes lancea. Among them, 11 compounds (15, 11, 12, 23, 24, 30, and 31) are new. The scaffolds represented by the isolates of sesquiterpenoids were found to be varied and included two rare rearranged spirovetivane sesquiterpenoids with a spiro [4,4] skeleton, eight spirovetivanes, three guaianes, eight eudesmanes, and one eremophilane. Their planar structures and relative configurations were elucidated by UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR, and HRESIMS data analysis. The absolute configurations of the new sesquiterpenoids were determined using X-ray diffraction analysis and by comparison of the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism and optical rotation data, as well as chemical transformations. All the isolated compounds (133) were evaluated for their activity against RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in bone marrow macrophages. Two polyacetylene-type compounds, 25 and 32, showed potent activity with IC50 values of 1.3 and 0.64 μM, respectively. Rearranged spirovetivane sesquiterpenoids with a spiro [4,4] skeleton are reported herein from the genus Atractylodes for the first time. Polyacetylenes were demonstrated as the main active constituents of A. lancea with osteoclastogenesis inhibitory activity.