American Chemical Society
jf902531y_si_002.cif (16.37 kB)

Divalent and Oxabridged Neonicotinoids Constructed by Dialdehydes and Nitromethylene Analogues of Imidacloprid: Design, Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Insecticidal Activities

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posted on 2010-03-10, 00:00 authored by Xusheng Shao, Hua Fu, Xiaoyong Xu, Xinglei Xu, Zewen Liu, Zhong Li, Xuhong Qian
A series of divalent and oxabridged neonicotinoids were synthesized by reactions of nitromethylene analogues of imidacloprid and dialdehydes, and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, high-resolution mass spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis. The bioassays indicated that some of them were endowed with excellent insecticidal activities against cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora), armyworm (Pseudaletia separata Walker), and brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens). Divalent neonicotinoid 6 and oxabridged 8a had higher activities than imidacloprid against cowpea aphids and armyworm; furthermore, the activity of 8a was 40.4-fold higher than that of imidacloprid against imidacloprid-resistant brown planthopper.