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Discrimination of Small Gas Molecules through Adsorption: Reverse Selectivity for Hydrogen in a Flexible Metal−Organic Framework

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posted on 02.11.2009, 00:00 by Hyungphil Chun, Jinwoo Seo
Zn2+ ions react with 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate (pydc) to form a new metal−organic framework (MOF), [Zn(pydc)(dma)] (dma = N,N′-dimethylacetamide), based on a noninterpenetrating (10,3)-a topology. The framework possessing narrow one-dimensional channels is highly flexible, and as a result, guest-dependent breakthrough-like adsorptions occur under atmospheric pressure. This “gate opening” requires strong interactions between gas molecules and the adsorbent, and therefore [Zn(pydc)(dma)] shows a reverse selectivity for H2 at 77 K, which is very unusual in MOFs. At 195 K, only CO2 is selectively adsorbed by this material because of the temperature dependence of the gated adsorption.