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Discovery of a Highly Potent, Selective, and Metabolically Stable Inhibitor of Receptor-Interacting Protein 1 (RIP1) for the Treatment of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome

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posted on 19.12.2016, 00:00 by Yan Ren, Yaning Su, Liming Sun, Sudan He, Lingjun Meng, Daohong Liao, Xiao Liu, Yongfen Ma, Chunyan Liu, Sisi Li, Hanying Ruan, Xiaoguang Lei, Xiaodong Wang, Zhiyuan Zhang
On the basis of its essential role in driving inflammation and disease pathology, cell necrosis has gradually been verified as a promising therapeutic target for treating atherosclerosis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and ischemia injury, among other diseases. Most necrosis inhibitors targeting receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) still require further optimization because of weak potency or poor metabolic stability. We conducted a phenotypic screen and identified a micromolar hit with novel amide structure. Medicinal chemistry efforts yielded a highly potent, selective, and metabolically stable drug candidate, compound 56 (RIPA-56). Biochemical studies and molecular docking revealed that RIP1 is the direct target of this new series of type III kinase inhibitors. In the SIRS mice disease model, 56 efficiently reduced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)-induced mortality and multiorgan damage. Compared to known RIP1 inhibitors, 56 is potent in both human and murine cells, is much more stable in vivo, and is efficacious in animal model studies.