Discovery of Novel Small Molecule Dual Inhibitors Targeting Toll-Like Receptors 7 and 8
datasetposted on 18.11.2019, 20:34 by Rosaura Padilla-Salinas, Rachel Anderson, Kentaro Sakaniwa, Shuting Zhang, Patrick Nordeen, Chuanjun Lu, Toshiyuki Shimizu, Hang Yin
Datasets usually provide raw data for analysis. This raw data often comes in spreadsheet form, but can be any collection of data, on which analysis can be performed.
Endosomal toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 8 recognize viral single-stranded RNAs, a class of imidazoquinoline compounds, 8-oxo-adenosines, 8-aminobenzodiazepines, pyrimidines, and guanosine analogues. Substantial evidence is present linking chronic inflammation mediated specifically by TLR7 to the progression of autoimmunity. We identified a new TLR7/8 dual inhibitor (1) and a TLR8-specific inhibitor (2) based on our previous screen targeting TLR8. Compound 1, bearing a benzanilide scaffold, was found to inhibit TLR7 and TLR8 at low micromolar concentrations. We envisioned making modifications on the benzanilide scaffold of 1 resulting in a class of highly specific TLR7 inhibitors. Our efforts led to the discovery of a new TLR8 inhibitor (CU-115) and identification of a TLR7/8 dual inhibitor (CU-72), bearing a distinct diphenyl ether skeleton, with potential for TLR7 selectivity optimization. Given the role of TLR8 in autoimmunity, we also optimized the potency of 2 and developed a new TLR8 inhibitor bearing a 1,3,4-oxadiazole motif.