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Discovery of Novel Isothiazole, 1,2,3-Thiadiazole, and Thiazole-Based Cinnamamides as Fungicidal Candidates

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posted on 25.10.2019, 20:13 by Lai Chen, Bin Zhao, Zhijin Fan, Mengxu Hu, Qing Li, Wenhao Hu, Jiwei Li, Jinlin Zhang
A series of isothiazole, 1,2,3-thiadiazole, and thiazole-based cinnamamide morpholine derivatives were rationally designed, synthesized, characterized, and evaluated for their fungicidal activities. Bioassay indicated that a combination of 3,4-dichloroisothiazole active substructures with cinnamamide morpholine lead to significant improvement of in vivo antifungal activities of the target compounds; among them, compound 5a exhibited good fungicidal activity against Pseudoperonspera cubensis in vivo with an inhibition rate of 100% at 100 μg/mL. A field experiment indicated that the difference of efficacy between 5a (75.9%) and dimethomorph (77.1%) at 37.5 g ai/667 m2 was not significant; and 5a also exhibited good activity against Botrytis cinerea by triggering accumulation of PAL and NPR1 defense-related gene expression and the defense associated enzyme phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) expression on cucumber, rather than direct inhibition. These findings strongly supported that 3,4-dichloroisothiazole containing cinnamamide morpholine 5a not only showed good fungicidal activity against P. cubensis but also exhibited plant innate immunity stimulation activity as a promising fungicide candidate with both fungicidal activity and systemic acquired resistance.