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Discovery of New Nitridosilicate Phosphors for Solid State Lighting by the Single-Particle-Diagnosis Approach

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posted on 17.12.2015, 04:14 by Naoto Hirosaki, Takashi Takeda, Shiro Funahashi, Rong-Jun Xie
Discovery of novel luminescent materials is of fundamental importance in the advancement of solid state lighting and flat panel display technologies. In this work, we report a single-particle-diagnosis method for the discovery of new phosphors by just characterizing a luminescent crystalline particle as small as 10 μm in diameter. We explored single-particle fluorescence imaging and spectroscopy techniques to evaluate the photoluminescence of a phosphor particle distinguished from a complex powder mixture and applied a high-resolution single-crystal X-ray diffractometer to determine its crystal structure. The approach enabled us to discover two new phosphors in the Ba3N2–Si3N4–AlN ternary system: Ba5Si11Al7N25:Eu2+ and BaSi4Al3N9:Eu2+. Ba5Si11Al7N25:Eu2+ crystallizes in the space group of Pnnm (no. 58) with a = 9.5923(2), b = 21.3991(5), c = 5.8889 (2) Å and Z = 2, while BaSi4Al3N9:Eu2+ in the space group of P21/C (no.14) with a = 5.8465(4), b = 26.7255(18), c = 5.8386(4) Å, β = 118.897° and Z = 4. The single-particle photoluminescence of Ba5Si11Al7N25:Eu2+ shows yellow emission (λem = 568 nm, fwhm = 98 nm) and a quantum efficiency of 36% under the 405 nm excitation. BaSi4Al3N9:Eu2+ shows blue emission (λem = 500 nm, fwhm = 67 nm) upon the 365 nm excitation.