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Discovery of 8‑Methyl-pyrrolo[1,2‑a]pyrazin-1(2H)‑one Derivatives as Highly Potent and Selective Bromodomain and Extra-Terminal (BET) Bromodomain Inhibitors

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posted on 07.04.2020, 19:05 authored by Zizhou Li, Senhao Xiao, Yaxi Yang, Chao Chen, Tian Lu, Zhifeng Chen, Hualiang Jiang, Shijie Chen, Cheng Luo, Bing Zhou
The bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) family proteins have recently emerged as promising drug targets for cancer therapy. In this study, identification of an 8-methyl-pyrrolo­[1,2-a]­pyrazin-1­(2H)-one fragment (47) as a new binder to the BET bromodomains and the subsequent incorporation of fragment 47 to the scaffold of ABBV-075, which recently entered Phase I clinical trials, enabled the generation of a series of highly potent BET bromodomain inhibitors. Further druggability optimization led to the discovery of compound 38 as a potential preclinical candidate. Significantly, compared with ABBV-075, which exhibits a 63-fold selectivity for BRD4(1) over EP300, compound 38 demonstrates an excellent selectivity for the BET bromodomain family over other bromodomains, with an ∼1500-fold selectivity for BRD4(1) over EP300. Orally administered 38 achieves a complete inhibition of tumor growth with a tumor growth inhibition (TGI) of 99.7% accompanied by good tolerability.