Dinuclear Pentacoordinated Organoyttrium Biphenolates as Initiators for the Synthesis of High-Molecular Weight Isotactic Poly(2-vinylpyridine)
datasetposted on 2019-10-10, 16:06 authored by Masataka Oishi, Reiji Yoshimura, Nobuyoshi Nomura
Dinuclear organoyttrium biphenolato complexes have been synthesized for the first time starting from Y(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2 and readily available biphenols with bulky substituents at the 3,3′-positions. XRD analysis revealed that these complexes are formed as homochiral dimers even though racemic biphenols were employed. Such dinuclear penta-coordinated yttrium complexes were evaluated as initiators in the polymerization of 2-vinylpyridine (2-VP). High activity and excellent isotacticity (mm > 99%) were observed. DSC analysis of poly(2-VP) showed a Tm = 221 °C, which is the highest value reported to date. Attempts to improve the low initiation efficiency of the present system were made by co-use with several organo-main-group metal reagents. Specifically, good molecular weight control within the high Mn region was achieved by the addition of Et3Al (Al/Y = 10).