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Development of Kinase Inactive PD173955 Analogues for Reducing Production of Aβ Peptides

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posted on 06.09.2019, 13:37 by Anjana Sinha, Katherina Gindinova, Emily Mui, William J. Netzer, Subhash C. Sinha
Compound 3a, DV2-103, is a kinase inactive analogue of a potent Abl1/Src kinase inhibitor, PD173955, 2. Both compounds, 2 and 3a, are known to reduce production of beta amyloid (Aβ) peptide in cells and animal models. We have now prepared and evaluated a series of PD-173955 analogues, several of which reduced Aβ production potently. This occurs in cells expressing human full-length amyloid precursor protein (APP) and not in cells expressing APP β-C terminal fragment (APP-C99), suggesting that the kinase inactive analogues strongly affect β-secretase (BACE1) cleavage of APP, similarly to Gleevec. A combination of the kinase inactive analogues of PD173955 with a BACE1 inhibitor (BACEi), namely, BACE IV, strongly reduced Aβ levels in cells, as noted previously with Gleevec and analogues. Several potent compounds also penetrated and accumulated in mouse brain in high nanomolar to low micromolar concentration.