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Development of Helical Aromatic Amide Foldamers with a Diphenylacetylene Backbone

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posted on 16.01.2020, 22:14 by Ko Urushibara, Tatsunori Yamada, Akihiro Yokoyama, Hirotoshi Mori, Hyuma Masu, Isao Azumaya, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Tsutomu Yokozawa, Aya Tanatani
We designed and synthesized aromatic polyamides with a diphenylacetylene backbone, α-DPA and β-DPA, bearing (S)-α- and (S)-β-methyl-substituted triethyleneglycol (TEG) side chains, respectively, and examined their conformations in solution. Both polymers exhibit strong, solvent polarity-dependent circular dichroism spectra, which indicated that they take helical conformations in low-polarity solvents. The spectra were mirror images, depending on the chiral position of the side chains. Thus, the polyamide α-DPA bearing (S)-α-methyl-substituted TEG groups takes a left-handed helical conformation, while the polyamide β-DPA with (S)-β-methyl-substituted TEG groups takes a right-handed helical conformation. The difference in the screw sense of α-DPA and β-DPA would be caused by the steric interaction between the main chain and the side chain, as observed in poly­(p-benzamide) possessing (S)-β-methyl-substituted TEG side chains (β-PA) because the large cavity of the helical structure of DPA would disturb the solvophobically induced helical folding. Detailed conformational analyses of the oligoamides 6–12 with β-methyl-substituted TEG groups were conducted. Theoretical calculations indicated that the oligoamides with β-methyl-substituted TEG groups exist in a helical conformation with a cavity of 7 Å in diameter. The 1H NMR spectra of the oligomers revealed interactions with small anions such as chloride and acetate anions and with pyridinium cations.