American Chemical Society
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Deuterium Oxide Labeling for Global Omics Relative Quantification: Application to Lipidomics

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posted on 2019-06-19, 00:00 authored by Jonghyun Kim, Dukjin Kang, Sung Ki Lee, Tae-Young Kim
A novel quantitative mass spectrometric method based on partial metabolic deuterium oxide (D2O) labeling, named “Deuterium Oxide Labeling for Global Omics Relative Quantification (DOLGOReQ)”, was developed for relative quantification of lipids on a global scale. To assess the precision and robustness of DOLGOReQ, labeled and unlabeled lipids from HeLa cells were mixed in various ratios based on their cell numbers. Using in-house software developed for automated high-throughput data analysis of DOLGOReQ, the number of detectable mass isotopomers and the degree of deuterium labeling were exploited to filter out low quality quantification results. Quantification of an equimolar mixture of HeLa cell lipids exhibited high reproducibility and accuracy across multiple biological and technical replicates. Two orders of magnitude of effective dynamic range for reasonable relative quantification could be established with HeLa cells mixed from 10:1 to 1:10 ratios between labeled and unlabeled samples. The quantification precision of DOLGOReQ was also illustrated with lipids commonly detected in both positive and negative ion modes. Finally, quantification performance of DOLGOReQ was demonstrated in a biological sample by measuring the relative change in the lipidome of HeLa cells under normal and hypoxia conditions.