American Chemical Society
jm3c00831_si_024.pdb (690.9 kB)

Design, Synthesis, and Pharmacological Characterization of a Potent Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis

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posted on 2023-06-19, 07:35 authored by Simona Musella, Danilo D’Avino, Lukas Klaus Peltner, Veronica Di Sarno, Ida Cerqua, Fabrizio Merciai, Vincenzo Vestuto, Tania Ciaglia, Gerardina Smaldone, Francesca Di Matteo, Simone Di Micco, Valeria Napolitano, Giuseppe Bifulco, Giacomo Pepe, Eduardo Maria Sommella, Manuela Giovanna Basilicata, Giovanna Aquino, Isabel M. Gomez-Monterrey, Pietro Campiglia, Carmine Ostacolo, Fiorentina Roviezzo, Oliver Werz, Antonietta Rossi, Alessia Bertamino
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially life-threatening illness characterized by an exacerbated inflammatory response with limited options for pharmacological treatment. Here, we describe the rational development of a library of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors for the treatment of AP. Synthesized compounds were screened in vitro for their sEH inhibitory potency and selectivity, and the results were rationalized by means of molecular modeling studies. The most potent compounds were studied in vitro for their pharmacokinetic profile, where compound 28 emerged as a promising lead. In fact, compound 28 demonstrated a remarkable in vivo efficacy in reducing the inflammatory damage in cerulein-induced AP in mice. Targeted metabololipidomic analysis further substantiated sEH inhibition as a molecular mechanism of the compound underlying anti-AP activity in vivo. Finally, pharmacokinetic assessment demonstrated a suitable profile of 28 in vivo. Collectively, compound 28 displays strong effectiveness as sEH inhibitor with potential for pharmacological AP treatment.