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DPAGT1 Inhibitors of Capuramycin Analogues and Their Antimigratory Activities of Solid Tumors

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posted on 18.09.2020, 17:34 by Katsuhiko Mitachi, Rita G. Kansal, Kirk E. Hevener, Cody D. Gillman, Syed M. Hussain, Hyun Gi Yun, Gustavo A. Miranda-Carboni, Evan S. Glazer, William M. Clemons, Michio Kurosu
Capuramycin displays a narrow spectrum of antibacterial activity by targeting bacterial translocase I (MraY). In our program of development of new N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase1 (DPAGT1) inhibitors, we have identified that a capuramycin phenoxypiperidinylbenzylamide analogue (CPPB) inhibits DPAGT1 enzyme with an IC50 value of 200 nM. Despite a strong DPAGT1 inhibitory activity, CPPB does not show cytotoxicity against normal cells and a series of cancer cell lines. However, CPPB inhibits migrations of several solid cancers including pancreatic cancers that require high DPAGT1 expression in order for tumor progression. DPAGT1 inhibition by CPPB leads to a reduced expression level of Snail but does not reduce E-cadherin expression level at the IC50 (DPAGT1) concentration. CPPB displays a strong synergistic effect with paclitaxel against growth-inhibitory action of a patient-derived pancreatic adenocarcinoma, PD002: paclitaxel (IC50: 1.25 μM) inhibits growth of PD002 at 0.0024–0.16 μM in combination with 0.10–2.0 μM CPPB (IC50: 35 μM).