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Correlating Kernel–Shell Structures with Optical Properties of Pt1Ag24 and Pt1Ag14 Nanoclusters

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posted on 13.01.2021, 19:22 by Xinzhang Lin, Keju Sun, Xuemei Fu, Xiuqing Ren, Yang Yang, Chao Liu, Jiahui Huang
With considerable attention focusing on metal nanoclusters, to explore the relationship of structures and their properties is of prime importance for designing novel functional nanoclusters and promoting their applications. Here we reported two novel alloy nanoclusters, [Pt1Ag24(SR)20]4– and Pt1Ag14(SR)6(PPh3)8 (H-SR: 2-chloro-4-fluorobenzenethiol), determined by X-ray crystallography. Interestingly, the two alloy nanoclusters have the same centered icosahedral Pt1Ag12 kernel, but shell structures are totally different due to the addition of PPh3 in the synthesis. Upon removal of the kernel, the shell of the Pt1Ag24 nanocluster is composed of two unique trefoil-like Ag6(SR)10 motifs, while the Pt1Ag14 nanocluster has six PPh3 and two Ag­(SR)3(PPh3) motifs. Furthermore, fluorescence spectroscopy and ultraviolet–visible absorption spectroscopy (UV–vis) were carried out to investigate the optical properties. The Pt1Ag24 nanocluster has near-infrared photoluminescence at 738 nm, whereas the emission of the Pt1Ag14 nanocluster is at 639 nm, demonstrating a blue shift of 99 nm. The two nanoclusters exhibit distinct optical fingerprints. Furthermore, the predicted partial density of states and UV–vis spectra assignments reveal the relationship of the crystal structures, electronic structures, and optical properties. These findings not only provide a feasible strategy to synthesize functional metal nanoclusters with distinctive structures but also give direct insight into understanding the structure–property correlations at the atomic level.