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Copper Complexes Relevant to the Catalytic Cycle of Copper Nitrite Reductase: Electrochemical Detection of NO(g) Evolution and Flipping of NO2 Binding Mode upon CuII → CuI Reduction

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posted on 18.02.2016, 17:38 by Ram Chandra Maji, Suman Kumar Barman, Suprakash Roy, Sudip K. Chatterjee, Faye L. Bowles, Marilyn M. Olmstead, Apurba K. Patra
Copper complexes of the deprotonated tridentate ligand, N-2-methylthiophenyl-2′-pyridinecarboxamide (HL1), were synthesized and characterized as part of our investigation into the reduction of copper­(II) o-nitrito complexes into the related copper nitric oxide complexes and subsequent evolution of NO­(g) such as occurs in the enzyme copper nitrite reductase. Our studies afforded the complexes [(L1)­CuIICl]n (1), [(L1)­CuII(ONO)] (2), [(L1)­CuII(H2O)]­(ClO4)·H2O (3·H2O), [(L1)­CuII(CH3OH)]­(ClO4) (4), [(L1)­CuII(CH3CO2)]·H2O (5·H2O), and [Co­(Cp)2]­[(L1)­CuI(NO2)­(CH3CN)] (6). X-ray crystal structure determinations revealed distorted square-pyramidal coordination geometry around CuII ion in 15. Substitution of the H2O of 3 by nitrite quantitatively forms 2, featuring the κ2-O,O binding mode of NO2 to CuII. Reduction of 2 generates two CuI species, one with κ1-O and other with the κ1-N bonded NO2 group. The CuI analogue of 2, compound 6, was synthesized. The FTIR spectrum of 6 reveals the presence of κ1-N bonded NO2. Constant potential electrolysis corresponding to CuII → CuI reduction of a CH3CN solution of 2 followed by reaction with acids, CH3CO2H or HClO4 generates 5 or 3, and NO­(g), identified electrochemically. The isolated CuI complex 6 independently evolves one equivalent of NO­(g) upon reaction with acids. Production of NO­(g) was confirmed by forming [Co­(TPP)­NO] in CH2Cl2max in CH2Cl2: 414 and 536 nm, νNO = 1693 cm–1).