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Copper-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling of Silicon Pronucleophiles with Unactivated Alkyl Electrophiles Coupled with Radical Cyclization

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posted on 2016-10-16, 00:00 authored by Weichao Xue, Zheng-Wang Qu, Stefan Grimme, Martin Oestreich
A copper-catalyzed C­(sp3)–Si cross-coupling of aliphatic C­(sp3)–I electrophiles using a Si–B reagent as the silicon pronucleophile is reported. The reaction involves an alkyl radical intermediate that also engages in 5-exo-trig ring closures onto pendant alkenes prior to the terminating C­(sp3)–Si bond formation. Several Ueno–Stork-type precursors cyclized with excellent diastereocontrol in good yields. The base-mediated release of the silicon nucleophile and the copper-catalyzed radical process are analyzed by quantum-chemical calculations, leading to a full mechanistic picture.

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