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Conventional and Explicitly Correlated ab Initio Benchmark Study on Water Clusters: Revision of the BEGDB and WATER27 Data Sets

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posted on 22.05.2017, 00:00 by Debashree Manna, Manoj K. Kesharwani, Nitai Sylvetsky, Jan M. L. Martin
Benchmark ab initio energies for BEGDB and WATER27 data sets have been re-examined at the MP2 and CCSD­(T) levels with both conventional and explicitly correlated (F12) approaches. The basis set convergence of both conventional and explicitly correlated methods has been investigated in detail, both with and without counterpoise corrections. For the MP2 and CCSD–MP2 contributions, rapid basis set convergence observed with explicitly correlated methods is compared to conventional methods. However, conventional, orbital-based calculations are preferred for the calculation of the (T) term, since it does not benefit from F12. CCSD­(F12*) converges somewhat faster with the basis set than CCSD-F12b for the CCSD-MP2 term. The performance of various DFT methods is also evaluated for the BEGDB data set, and results show that Head-Gordon’s ωB97X-V and ωB97M-V functionals outperform all other DFT functionals. Counterpoise-corrected DSD-PBEP86 and raw DSD-PBEPBE-NL also perform well and are close to MP2 results. In the WATER27 data set, the anionic (deprotonated) water clusters exhibit unacceptably slow basis set convergence with the regular cc-pVnZ-F12 basis sets, which have only diffuse s and p functions. To overcome this, we have constructed modified basis sets, denoted aug-cc-pVnZ-F12 or aVnZ-F12, which have been augmented with diffuse functions on the higher angular momenta. The calculated final dissociation energies of BEGDB and WATER27 data sets are available in the Supporting Information. Our best calculated dissociation energies can be reproduced through n-body expansion, provided one pushes to the basis set and electron correlation limit for the two-body term; for the three-body term, post-MP2 contributions (particularly CCSD-MP2) are important for capturing the three-body dispersion effects. Terms beyond four-body can be adequately captured at the MP2-F12 level.