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Controlled Flexible Coordination in Tripodal Iron(II) Phosphane Complexes: Effects on Reactivity

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posted on 10.02.2016, 19:27 by Anette Petuker, Klaus Merz, Christian Merten, Ulf-Peter Apfel
The possibility to alter properties of metal complexes without significant steric changes is a useful tool to tailor the reactivity of the complexes. Herein we present the synthesis of iron complexes with the tripodal phosphane ligands Triphos and TriphosSi and report on their different coordination properties. Whereas reaction of TriphosSi and FeX2 (X = Cl, Br) exclusively afforded (TriphosSi)­FeX2 with a κ2-coordinated ligand, the homologous C-derived Fe complexes show rapid conversion in solution to afford [(Triphos)­Fe­(CH3CN)3]­[Fe2Cl6] or [(Triphos)­Fe­(CH3CN)3]­[FeBr4], respectively. The structural conversion was found to be temperature- and solvent-dependent and was accompanied by a linear change of the overall magnetization. The different ligand influence was shown to have a significant effect on the ability of (TriphosSi)­FeCl2 and (Triphos)­FeCl2 to perform the Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction of 4-iodotoluene and phenyl acetylene as well as the hydrosilylation of acetophenone. The results presented herein show the different coordination properties of two structurally homologous tripodal ligands and demonstrate the importance of geometrically controlled ligand field splitting on the stability and reactivity of metal complexes. The C/Si exchange therefore provides a simple and straightforward tool to manipulate properties and reactivity of metal complexes.