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Constructing Human Proteoform Families Using Intact-Mass and Top-Down Proteomics with a Multi-Protease Global Post-Translational Modification Discovery Database

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posted on 17.09.2019, 18:34 by Yunxiang Dai, Katherine E. Buxton, Leah V. Schaffer, Rachel M. Miller, Robert J. Millikin, Mark Scalf, Brian L. Frey, Michael R. Shortreed, Lloyd M. Smith
Complex human biomolecular processes are made possible by the diversity of human proteoforms. Constructing proteoform families, groups of proteoforms derived from the same gene, is one way to represent this diversity. Comprehensive, high-confidence identification of human proteoforms remains a central challenge in mass spectrometry-based proteomics. We have previously reported a strategy for proteoform identification using intact-mass measurements, and we have since improved that strategy by mass calibration based on search results, the use of a global post-translational modification discovery database, and the integration of top-down proteomics results with intact-mass analysis. In the present study, we combine these strategies for enhanced proteoform identification in total cell lysate from the Jurkat human T lymphocyte cell line. We collected, processed, and integrated three types of proteomics data (NeuCode-labeled intact-mass, label-free top-down, and multi-protease bottom-up) to maximize the number of confident proteoform identifications. The integrated analysis revealed 5950 unique experimentally observed proteoforms, which were assembled into 848 proteoform families. Twenty percent of the observed proteoforms were confidently identified at a 3.9% false discovery rate, representing 1207 unique proteoforms derived from 484 genes.