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Conjugate Base of a Secondary Phosphine Selenide [P(Se)(OiPr)2] as the Bridging Unit for the Construction of Heterometallic Fe(II)−Hg(II)/Cd(II) Complexes

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posted on 15.06.2009, 00:00 authored by Bijay Sarkar, Sung-Yin Wen, Jyun-Hua Wang, Ling-Song Chiou, Ping-Kuei Liao, Bidyut Kumar Santra, Ju-Chun Wang, C. W. Liu
Reactions of perchlorate salts of Hg(II)/Cd(II) with [CpFe(CO)2P(Se)(OiPr)2] (denoted as L) produced dicationic clusters [HgL2](ClO4)2, 1; [HgL3](ClO4)2, 2; and [CdL3(H2O)](ClO4)2, 11. However, the reactions of L with Hg(II)/Cd(II) halides yielded neutral complexes. For instance, HgI2 produced [Hg3I6L2], 3, or [HgI2L2], 4, depending on the metal-to-ligand ratio used. Reaction of L with any of the Hg(II)/Cd(II) halides in a 1:1 ratio produced neutral clusters [HgX(μ-X)L]2 (M = Hg; X = Cl, 5; Br, 6; I, 7; M = Cd; X = Cl, 8; Br, 9; I, 10). Thus, variation of the M-to-L ratio made it possible for the formation of compounds with different metal/ligand stoichiometries only when ClO4 and I salts of Hg(II) were used. Single-crystal X-ray crystallography revealed that two and three L units were connected to a Hg(II) via its Se atom in 1 and 2, respectively, whereas Hg(II) in 4 was connected to two “I” and two “L” units. An L (through its Se) and a terminal halogen were attached to each of the Hg(II)'s of the Hg2X2 parallelogram core in 5 and 6. The cadmium complex 8, with a Cd2Cl2 parallelogram core, was isostructural with the mercury complex 5. Although bonding and connectivity in 8 were similar to those in 9 and 10, the conformation of the bulky L ligands was unusually syn in 9 and 10, unlike the anti orientation in 5, 6, and 8. The syn conformation of L was also observed in compounds 1 and 2. Secondary interactions, namely, Se…Se interaction, the X…H−C type of H-bonding (X = halogen or Se), and π-stacking, revealed in the structures played a role in determining the ligand conformation. The [P(Se)(OiPr)2], the conjugate base of secondary phosphine selenide [HP(Se)(OiPr)2], acted as a bridge with P bonded to Fe and Se bonded to Hg (or Cd) in these heterometallic clusters. Compound 5 further demonstrated a longer P−Se bond in the secondary phosphine selenide compared to that in isostructural, tertiary phosphine selenide metal complexes.