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Computational Framework for Analysis of Prey–Prey Associations in Interaction Proteomics Identifies Novel Human Protein–Protein Interactions and Networks

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posted on 07.09.2012, 00:00 by Sudipto Saha, Jean-Eudes Dazard, Hua Xu, Rob M. Ewing
Large-scale protein–protein interaction data sets have been generated for several species including yeast and human and have enabled the identification, quantification, and prediction of cellular molecular networks. Affinity purification-mass spectrometry (AP-MS) is the preeminent methodology for large-scale analysis of protein complexes, performed by immunopurifying a specific “bait” protein and its associated “prey” proteins. The analysis and interpretation of AP-MS data sets is, however, not straightforward. In addition, although yeast AP-MS data sets are relatively comprehensive, current human AP-MS data sets only sparsely cover the human interactome. Here we develop a framework for analysis of AP-MS data sets that addresses the issues of noise, missing data, and sparsity of coverage in the context of a current, real world human AP-MS data set. Our goal is to extend and increase the density of the known human interactome by integrating bait–prey and cocomplexed preys (prey–prey associations) into networks. Our framework incorporates a score for each identified protein, as well as elements of signal processing to improve the confidence of identified protein–protein interactions. We identify many protein networks enriched in known biological processes and functions. In addition, we show that integrated bait–prey and prey–prey interactions can be used to refine network topology and extend known protein networks.