American Chemical Society
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Comparison of the Membrane Proteome of Virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the Attenuated Mycobacterium bovis BCG Vaccine Strain by Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics

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posted on 2013-12-06, 00:00 authored by Harsha P. Gunawardena, Meghan E. Feltcher, John A. Wrobel, Sheng Gu, Miriam Braunstein, Xian Chen
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis membrane is rich in antigens that are potential targets for diagnostics and the development of new vaccines. To better understand the mechanisms underlying MTB virulence and identify new targets for therapeutic intervention, we investigated the differential composition of membrane proteomes between virulent M. tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB) and the Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine strain. To compare the membrane proteomes, we used LC–MS/MS analysis in combination with label-free quantitative proteomics, utilizing the area under the curve of the extracted ion chromatograms of peptides obtained from m/z and retention time alignment of MS1 features. With this approach, we obtained relative abundance ratios for 2203 identified membrane-associated proteins in high confidence. Of these proteins, 294 showed statistically significant differences of at least two fold in relative abundance between MTB and BCG membrane fractions. Our comparative analysis detected several proteins associated with known genomic regions of difference between MTB and BCG as being absent, which validated the accuracy of our approach. In further support of our label-free quantitative data, we verified select protein differences by immunoblotting. To our knowledge, we have generated the first comprehensive and high-coverage profile of comparative membrane proteome changes between virulent MTB and its attenuated relative BCG, which helps elucidate the proteomic basis of the intrinsic virulence of the MTB pathogen.