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Combinations of Tautomeric Forms and Neutral-Cationic Forms in the Cocrystals of Sulfamethazine with Carboxylic Acids

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posted on 2019-07-03, 14:45 authored by Munendra Pal Singh, Jubaraj B. Baruah
The cocrystals of sulfamethazine with different acids, namely, 2-mercaptophenylcarboxylic acid, 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 4-(4-hydroxyphenylazo)­phenylcarboxylic acid, 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)­propanoic acid, and 4-(phenyl)­phenylcarboxylic acid, are studied here. Each has distinct notable supramolecular features. The pyrimidin-2-amine unit of the sulfamethazine provided unique examples of cocrystals in which amidine and imidine forms or neutral and protonated forms of sulfamethazine are observed in 2:2 ratios. Hence, this study provides avenues to explore cocrystals with tautomeric forms together in a cocrystal and also neutral and protonated cocrystal partners as apparent multicomponents in cocrystals. Among the cocrystals, three of them have the amidine form of the sulfamethazine in respective self-assembly. The cocrystal of 2-mercapto-phenylcarboxylic acid with sulfamethazine has the amidine form and it has the distinction of having S–H···π interactions. The cocrystal of sulfamethazine with 2,6-pyridinecarboxylic acid is a rare example of a 1:1 cocrystal of sulfmethazine with dicarboxylic acid. It has methanol molecules as a solvent of crystallization. Sulfamethazine forms a hydrated cocrystal with 4-(4-hydroxyphenylazo)-phenylcarboxylic acid that has conventional R22(8) synthons of amidine hydrogen-bonding with carboxylic acid. The phenolic part of the acid component is anchored to the water molecule and provides a robust self-assembly. The hydrated cocrystal of sulfamethazine with 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)­propanoic acid (2:2 cocrystal) has two independent molecules of sulfamethazine, one in amidine form and the other in imidine form. It has two neutral carboxylic acids anchored through complementary hydrogen bonds and also has two water molecules of crystallization. The cocrystal of sulfamethazine with 4-(phenyl)­phenylcarboxylic acid is also a 2:2 cocrystal. It is a di-hydrate, which has a neutral and protonated form of sulfamethazine. The neutral form is hydrogen-bonded to a neutral carboxylic acid, whereas the protonated form is charge-assisted hydrogen-bonded to the corresponding carboxylate anion.

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