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Chiral Porous Metal–Organic Frameworks of Co(II) and Ni(II): Synthesis, Structure, Magnetic Properties, and CO2 Uptake

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posted on 01.02.2012, 00:00 authored by C. M. Nagaraja, Ritesh Haldar, Tapas Kumar Maji, C. N. R. Rao
Four isostructural chiral three-dimensional (3D) porous pillared-layer frameworks based on Co­(II) and Ni­(II), {[M­(l-mal)­(azpy)0.5]·2H2O}n (M = Co (1), Ni (2)) and {[M­(l-mal)­(bpee)0.5]·H2O}n(M = Co (3), Ni (4)); (l-mal = l-malate dianion, azpy = 4,4′-bisazobipyridine, and bpee = 1,2-bis­(4-pyridyl)­ethylene), have been synthesized using mixed ligand systems and characterized structurally. All the frameworks are homochiral, based on the chiral l-malate dianion. The bridging of l-malate with Co­(II) or Ni­(II) forms a two-dimensional (2D) layer of {M­(l-mal)}n which is further pillared by azpy or bpee to form a 3D pillared-layer porous framework. The large rectangular channels along the crystallographic b direction (7.0 × 6.2 Å2 for 1 and 2; 6.8 × 6.1 Å2 for 3 and 4) are occupied by the guest water molecules. The binding of −OH and −COO groups of l-malate with the Co­(II) or Ni­(II) render interesting antiferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic type behavior in 1 and 2, respectively. All the frameworks show high thermal stability and guest-induced structural contraction evidenced by the temperature-dependent powder X-ray diffraction patterns. Gas (N2, CO2, H2, O2, and Ar) adsorption studies on the dehydrated frameworks of 1 and 3 show excellent selective CO2 gas uptake at 195 K. The lesser uptake of CO2 in the dehydrated framework of 3 compared to 1 has been rationalized to the different polarity of the pore surface due to the change in the functional group of the pillar module. The more polar azo (−NN−) group in 1 renders strong interaction with CO2 compared to the ethylenic (−CHCH−) group in 3. The difference in polarity in 1 and 3 also is reflected in water sorption studies.