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Chemoenzymatic Approach for the Proteomics Analysis of Mucin-Type Core‑1 O‑Glycosylation in Human Serum

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posted on 16.10.2018, 00:00 by Xin You, Yating Yao, Jiawei Mao, Hongqiang Qin, Xinmiao Liang, Liming Wang, Mingliang Ye
Human serum is a complex body fluid that contains various N-linked and O-linked glycoproteins. Compared with N-linked glycoproteins, the serum O-linked glycoproteins are not well-studied due to their high heterogeneity and their low abundance. Herein, we presented a novel chemoenzymatic method to analyze core-1 type of O-GalNAcylation in human serum. In this approach, the tryptic digest of serum was first subjected to PNGase F treatment to release the N-glycan and was then treated with strong acid to release sialic acid residues from mucin-type O-glycans. In this way, the internal Gal/GalNAc residues were exposed and were oxidized by the galactose oxidase to carry the aldehyde groups. The oxidized O-GalNAcylated peptides were then captured by hydrazide beads and eluted with methoxylamine for LC–MS/MS analysis. The de-N-deglycosylation decreased the abundance of N-glycopeptides, the desialylation simplified the O-glycans and the enzymatic oxidization conferred the enrichment specificity. We have demonstrated that this method was fitted to analyze O-GalNAcylated peptides with high confidence. This method was applied to analyze human serum, which resulted in the identification of 59 O-GalNAc modified peptide sequences corresponding to 38 glycoproteins from 50 μL of serum. This method is expected to have broad applications in the analysis of O-glycoproteome.