ic990147v_si_001.cif (47.36 kB)

Chemical Twinning in Zintl Phases

Download (47.36 kB)
posted on 15.09.1999 by Fabio Zürcher, Steffen Wengert, Reinhard Nesper
In the systems Ba/Mg/(Si, Ge), two new ternary Zintl phases with the compositions BaMg4Si3 and BaMg4Ge3 were found and structurally characterized. Both compounds are isotypic and crystallize with a new structure type [BaMg4Si3, P4/mmm, Z = 1, a = 4.6115(9) Å, c = 8.615(2) Å; BaMg4Ge3, P4/mmm, Z = 1, a = 4.6335(8) Å, c = 8.746(2) Å]. The anionic partial structure is built of X26- dumbbells and isolated X4- ions (X = Si, Ge), and the structure can be described according to the Zintl−Klemm-Busmann concept with the formulation (Ba2+)(Mg2+)4[X26-][X4-]. The BaMg4X3 structure can also be described as a result of the fusion of the structures of Mg2X and BaMg2X2. In this regard, BaMg4Si3 and BaMg4Ge3 are very striking examples of chemical twinning.