American Chemical Society
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Chemical Proteomic Profiling of Lysophosphatidic Acid-Binding Proteins

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posted on 2019-11-27, 16:36 authored by Xuejiao Dong, Linfeng Gao, Jikui Song, Yinsheng Wang
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an endogenous cell signaling molecule, and dysregulation of LPA signaling pathways is accompanied by several types of cancer. Herein, we developed a chemical proteomic method for the proteome-wide identification of LPA-binding proteins. The method involves the synthesis of a desthiobiotin-conjugated LPA acyl phosphate probe for the covalent labeling, enrichment, and subsequent LC-MS/MS identification of LPA-binding proteins at the proteome-wide level. By conducting labeling reactions at two different probe concentrations (10 and 100 μM) in conjunction with an SILAC (stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture)-based workflow, we characterized the LPA-binding capabilities of these proteins at the entire proteome scale, which led to the identification of 86 candidate LPA-binding proteins in HEK293T cells. Moreover, we validated that two of these proteins, annexin A5 and phosphoglycerate kinase 1, can bind directly with LPA. Together, we developed a novel LPA probe for the identification and characterizations of LPA-binding proteins from the entire human proteome. The method should be adaptable for the identification of other lipid-binding proteins.