American Chemical Society
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Characterization of the Secretome of Chickpea Suspension Culture Reveals Pathway Abundance and the Expected and Unexpected Secreted Proteins

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posted on 2011-11-04, 00:00 authored by Sonika Gupta, Vijay Wardhan, Shikha Verma, Saurabh Gayali, Uma Rajamani, Asis Datta, Subhra Chakraborty, Niranjan Chakraborty
The secretome of an organism is defined as a set of secreted proteins that encompasses all proteins exported to the extracellular space. To better understand the chickpea secretome, we used callus culture to isolate and identify secreted proteins as a step toward determining their functions. Proteins in the extracellular media of the suspension culture were examined using SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Proteomic analysis led to the identification of 773 proteins, presumably involved in a variety of functions including metabolism, signal transduction, transport, and cell defense, in addition to maintaining redox status of extracellular space. Bioinformatic analysis confirmed 724 proteins, accounting for 94% of the identified proteins, as constituents of the secretome. Analysis of the secretome revealed the presence of several proteins of unknown function and a large number of classical and nonclassical secreted proteins. This represents the first comprehensive secretome of a legume genome, which is yet to be sequenced. Comparative analysis of the chickpea secretome with those of Medicago, Arabidopsis, and rice revealed that the majority of identified proteins are seemingly species-specific. This study demonstrates that characterization of the chickpea secretome in vitro can be used to identify secreted proteins, which has implications for systems biology research.