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Changes of Detergent-Resistant Plasma Membrane Proteins in Oat and Rye during Cold Acclimation: Association with Differential Freezing Tolerance

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posted on 01.11.2013, 00:00 authored by Daisuke Takahashi, Yukio Kawamura, Matsuo Uemura
Cold acclimation (CA) results in an increase in freezing tolerance of plants, which is closely associated to functional changes of the plasma membrane (PM). Although proteomic studies have revealed compositional changes of the PM during CA, there has been no large-scale study of how the microdomains in the PM, which contains specific lipids and proteins, change during CA. Therefore, we conducted semiquantitative shotgun proteomics using microdomain-enriched detergent-resistant membrane (DRM) fractions extracted from low freezing-tolerant oat and highly freezing-tolerant rye. We identified 740 and 809 DRM proteins in oat and rye, respectively. Among the proteins identified, the abundances of a variety of proteins, such as P-type ATPase and aquaporins, were affected by CA in both oat and rye. Some CA-responsive proteins in the DRM fractions, such as heat shock protein 70, changed differently in oat and rye. In addition, changes in lipocalins and sugar transporters in the DRM fractions were different from those found in total PM fraction during CA. This is the first report to describe compositional changes in the DRM during CA. The proteomic profiles obtained in the present study hint at many possible microdomain functions associated with CA and freezing tolerance.

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