Catalytic Copper-Mediated Ring Opening and Functionalization of Benzoxazoles
datasetposted on 2014-11-07, 00:00 authored by Macarena Corro, Maria Besora, Celia Maya, Eleuterio Álvarez, Juan Urbano, Manuel R. Fructos, Feliu Maseras, Pedro J. Pérez
A novel reaction involving benzoxazole, ethyl diazoacetate, and water has been discovered, with TpBr3Cu(NCMe) (TpBr3 = hydrotris(3,4,5-tribromopyrazolyl)borate) as the catalyst. The fused azoles are converted into highly functionalized substituted benzenes bearing aldehyde, amine carboxylate and hydroxyl groups. The protocol has been applied for a series of benzoxazoles with several diazo compounds. Experimental data and theoretical calculations have led to a mechanistic proposal that includes carbene addition, ylide formation, and water addition to the latter, all those steps being catalyzed by the copper center.