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Carbohydrate-Based NK1R Antagonists with Broad-Spectrum Anticancer Activity

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posted on 08.07.2021, 18:41 authored by Rocío Recio, Patricia Lerena, Esther Pozo, José Manuel Calderón-Montaño, Estefanía Burgos-Morón, Miguel López-Lázaro, Victoria Valdivia, Manuel Pernia Leal, Bernard Mouillac, Juan Ángel Organero, Noureddine Khiar, Inmaculada Fernández
NK1R antagonists, investigated for the treatment of several pathologies, have shown encouraging results in the treatment of several cancers. In the present study, we report on the synthesis of carbohydrate-based NK1R antagonists and their evaluation as anticancer agents against a wide range of cancer cells. All of the prepared compounds, derived from either d-galactose or l-arabinose, have shown high affinity and NK1R antagonistic activity with a broad-spectrum anticancer activity and an important selectivity, comparable to Cisplatin. This strategy has allowed us to identify the galactosyl derivative 14α, as an interesting hit exhibiting significant NK1R antagonist effect (kinact 0.209 ± 0.103 μM) and high binding affinity for NK1R (IC50 = 50.4 nM, Ki = 22.4 nM by measuring the displacement of [125I] SP from NK1R). Interestingly, this galactosyl derivative has shown marked selective cytotoxic activity against 12 different types of cancer cell lines.