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Calculation of Electron Ionization Mass Spectra with Semiempirical GFNn-xTB Methods

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posted on 05.09.2019, 08:29 by Jeroen Koopman, Stefan Grimme
In this work, we have tested two different extended tight-binding methods in the framework of the quantum chemistry electron ionization mass spectrometry (QCEIMS) program to calculate electron ionization mass spectra. The QCEIMS approach provides reasonable, first-principles computed spectra, which can be directly compared to experiment. Furthermore, it provides detailed insight into the reaction mechanisms of mass spectrometry experiments. It sheds light upon the complicated fragmentation procedures of bond breakage and structural rearrangements that are difficult to derive otherwise. The required accuracy and computational demands for successful reproduction of a mass spectrum in relation to the underlying quantum chemical method are discussed. To validate the new GFN2-xTB approach, we conduct simulations for 15 organic, transition-metal, and main-group inorganic systems. Major fragmentation patterns are analyzed, and the entire calculated spectra are directly compared to experimental data taken from the literature. We discuss the computational costs and the robustness (outliers) of several calculation protocols presented. Overall, the new, theoretically more sophisticated semiempirical method GFN2-xTB performs well and robustly for a wide range of organic, inorganic, and organometallic systems.

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