American Chemical Society
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Bacterio- and Isobacteriodilactones by Stepwise or Direct Oxidations of meso-Tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin

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posted on 2018-11-28, 00:00 authored by Nisansala Hewage, Pedro Daddario, Kimberly S. F. Lau, Matthew J. Guberman-Pfeffer, José A. Gascón, Matthias Zeller, Christal O. Lee, Gamal E. Khalil, Martin Gouterman, Christian Brückner
Porpholactones are porphyrinoids in which one or more β,β′-bonds of the parent chromophore were replaced by lactone moieties. Accessible to varying degrees by direct and nonselective oxidations of porphyrins, the rational syntheses of all five dilactone isomers along stepwise, controlled, and high-yielding routes via porphyrin → tetrahydroxyisobacteriochlorin metal complexes → isobacteriochlorindilactone metal complexes or porphyrin → tetrahydroxybacteriochlorin → bacteriochlorindilactone (and related) pathways, respectively, are described. A major benefit of these complementary routes over established methods is the simplicity of the isolation of the dilactones because of the reduced number of side products formed. In an alternative approach we report the direct and selective conversion of free base meso-tetrakis­(pentafluorophenyl)­porphyrin to all isomers of free base isobacteriodilactones using the oxidant cetyltrimethylN+MnO4. The solid-state structures of some of the isomers and their precursors are reported, providing data on the conformational modulation induced by the derivatizations. We also rationalize computationally their differing thermodynamic stability and electronic properties. In making new efficient routes toward these dilactone isomers available, we enable the further study of this diverse class of porphyrinoids.


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