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Automated Methods for Identification and Quantification of Structural Groups from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra Using Support Vector Classification

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posted on 2021-01-06, 20:45 authored by Thomas Specht, Kerstin Münnemann, Hans Hasse, Fabian Jirasek
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a powerful tool for elucidating the structure of unknown components and the composition of liquid mixtures. However, these tasks are often tedious and challenging, especially if complex samples are considered. In this work, we introduce automated methods for the identification and quantification of structural groups in pure components and mixtures from NMR spectra using support vector classification. As input, a 1H NMR spectrum and a 13C NMR spectrum of the liquid sample (pure component or mixture) that is to be analyzed is needed. The first method, called group-identification method, yields qualitative information on the structural groups in the sample. The second method, called group-assignment method, provides the basis for a quantitative analysis of the sample by identifying the structural groups and assigning them to signals in the 13C NMR spectrum of the sample; quantitative information can then be obtained with readily available tools by simple integration. We demonstrate that both methods, after being trained to NMR spectra of nearly 1000 pure components, yield excellent predictions for pure components that were not part of the training set as well as mixtures. The structural group-specific information obtained with the presented methods can, e.g., be used in combination with thermodynamic group-contribution methods to predict fluid properties of unknown samples.

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