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Asymmetric Alkylthienyl Thienoacenes Derived from Anthra[2,3‑b]thieno[2,3‑d]thiophene for Solution-Processable Organic Semiconductors

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posted on 01.03.2017, 00:00 by Yuta Ogawa, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Chiyo Miura, Shigeki Tamura, Mitsuki Saito, Masashi Mamada, Daisuke Kumaki, Shizuo Tokito, Hiroshi Katagiri
Anthra­[2,3-b]­thieno­[2,3-d]­thiophene (ATT), which is readily accessed from thieno­[3,2-b]­thiophene and 2,3-naphthalenedicarboxylic anhydride, allows for selective substitution at the terminal thiophene ring, thereby providing asymmetric monoalkyl and monoalkylthienyl thienoacenes. Alkyl-substituted ATT (CnATT, n = 6, 8, 10, 12) has characteristics of a p-type field-effect transistor (FET), with mobility on the order of 0.01 cm2 V–1 s–1, which is the same as ATT. Conversely, alkylthienyl-substituted ATT (CnTATT, n = 6, 8, 10, 12) exhibits FET mobility of 0.15–1.9 cm2 V–1 s–1, which is up to 2 orders of magnitude greater than that of ATT and CnATT. Moreover, CnTATT forms crystalline thin films both by spin coating and drop casting, and C8TATT in particular exhibits a mobility of up to 1.6 cm2 V–1 s–1 in the drop-cast film. X-ray diffraction patterns of CnTATT thin films indicate that the molecules become oriented edge-on at the substrate surface with a highly ordered structure in the in-plane direction. Accordingly, CnTATT serves as a solution-processable p-type organic field-effect transistor, where the additional thiophene ring contributes significantly to the highly ordered thin-film structure and the high carrier mobility.