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Aromatic vs Aliphatic C−H Cleavage of Alkyl-Substituted Pyridines by (PNPiPr)Re Compounds

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posted on 25.02.2004, 00:00 authored by Oleg V. Ozerov, Maren Pink, Lori A. Watson, Kenneth G. Caulton
Both (PNP)Re(H)4 and (PNP)ReH(cyclooctyne) (PNPiPr = (iPr2PCH2SiMe2)2N) react with alkylpyridines NC5H4R to give first (PNP)ReH22-pyridyl) and cyclooctene and then, when not sterically blocked, (PNP)Re(η2-pyridyl)2 and cyclooctane. The latter are shown by NMR, X-ray diffraction, and DFT calculations to have several energetically competitive isomeric structures and pyridyl N donation in preference to PNP amide π-donation. DFT studies support NMR solution evidence that the most stable bis pyridyl structure is one that is doubly η2- with the pyridyl N donating to the metal center. When both ortho positions carry methyl substituents, cyclooctane and the carbyne complex (PNP)ReH(⋮C-pyridyl) are produced. Excess 2-vinyl pyridine reacts with (PNP)Re(H)4 preferentially at the vinyl group, to give 2-ethyl pyridine and the σ-vinyl complex (PNP)ReH[η2-CHCH(2-py)]. The DFT and X-ray structures show, by various comparisons, the ability of the PNP amide nitrogen to π-donate to an otherwise unsaturated d4 ReIII center, showing short Re−N distances consistent with the presence of π-donation.